International Women’s Day stands for the long struggle of women for equal participation in a just society. If women once demanded the right to vote or decent working conditions for factory workers, half of the posts are now required for women and men in politics and business. The demand of the first hour for “equal pay for equal work” is still not satisfactorily implemented. When women from all continents – often separated by national boundaries or ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic and political differences – come together to celebrate their day, they can look back on a tradition that has spanned at least nine decades of the fight for equality, justice, Peace and development means.
International Women’s Day is the story of ordinary women who made history: it is rooted in the millennia-old struggle of women for equal participation in society. In ancient Greece, Lysistrata called for a sexual strike against the men to end a war; During the French Revolution, Parisian women marched to Versailles demanding women’s suffrage under the motto “freedom, equality, brotherhood.” Here we have found some really good Women’s Day Quotes, you can use it for the coming Women’s Day.
Creation of International Women’s Day
The idea of International Women’s Day was born for the first time around the turn of the last century, as the industrialized world expanded, unrest prevailed, the population grew rapidly, and radical ideologies emerged. By a Declaration of the Socialist Party of America, the first National Women’s Day was celebrated on February 28, 1909, in the United States.
At the request of German socialists Clara Zetkin and Käte Duncker, the meeting of the Socialist Women’s International in Copenhagen in 1910 fixed a Women’s Day in honour of the Movement for Women’s Rights and to assist in the attainment of universal women’s suffrage. The proposal was unanimously welcomed by the Conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, including the first three women elected to the Finnish Parliament. There have not yet been a fixed date for the celebration of the day.
“Out with the women’s suffrage!”
As a result of the Copenhagen resolution of 1910, 1911 International Women’s Day was first held on 19 March in Austria-Hungary, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, where more than one million women and men participated in marches. “Hundreds of events”, wrote the “Arbeiterinnen-Zeitung” were held throughout Austria, about 20,000 socialist women demonstrated on the Ringstrasse and called “Out with the women’s suffrage!” The choice of this date should underline the revolutionary nature of Women’s Day, because March 18 was the memorial day for the fallen in Berlin during the Revolution of 1848 and the Paris Commune had begun in March (March 18 to May 28, 1871).
In the following years, on women’s day, which took place mostly on changing dates in March or April, millions of women worldwide took part in demonstrations, rallies and actions.
There are various theories and interpretations about the origins of International Women’s Day on March 8th.
According to some sources, the exact date goes back to March 8, 1857, when textile workers in New York went on strike. Other sources refer to March 8, 1908, as the day the workers of the Cotton mill in New York went on strike to demand better living and working conditions. The factory owners and supervisors included the women in the factory to prevent contact and solidarity with other workforces. When suddenly a fire broke out, 129 workers died in the flames. Other sources mention that the date of 8 March also commemorated the large textile workers strike in St. Petersburg, which spread to other sectors and triggered a major workers’ rally. These fights took place on the occasion of the women’s day on 8. From now on, this date should have international significance for the interests and the struggle of all exploited and oppressed women. To summarize, the roots of International Women’s Day are in the tradition of proletarian women’s struggles.